Indian constitution in hindi pdf- Detailed Knowledge


Indian constitution in hindi pdf


In today’s article, we have brought for you “Constitution of India in Hindi Pdf” ie “Indian Constitution of India” which you can read online and will provide links to download all types of PDF related to the topic. Download the given below for PDF Download can Click on the Button. You will be able to download them by clicking on them. Which will help you in all the upcoming IAS, PCS, UPSC, UPPCS, MPPCS, BPCS, and other exams.


Indian Constitution is the largest constitution in the world. It is also called the world’s largest democratic book. The Indian Constitution varies from time to time. The history of the Constitution of India has been going on since the British. But after India officially became a Democratic country after independence, it was implemented in the whole country from 26 January 1950. The Indian Constitution at that time had 8 schedules and 395 Articles, which was divided into 22 parts. The total amendment to the Indian Constitution has been done 104 times till the year 2020. Due to which there are now 470 articles, and 12 schedules which will be divided into 25 parts. Amendment list (Bhartiya Samvidhan Sansodhan List) to remain until the end of our article to get the full information.


The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world, its creator is Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. For the students who are preparing for the Civil Services Examination and other examinations, they have brought the book “Constitution of India”. Which is very useful to prepare for your UPSC Pre + Mains exam. Which is especially for those students, who are preparing for the Union People Service Commission and Civil Services Examination. Which you can download by clicking on the Download Button given below.


Download Indian constitution in hindi pdf


It is the duty of a citizen of any country to know and understand its constitution properly. Do read it and know your rights as a citizen of India properly.


This post is dedicated to Indian Polity Notes Of article and schedule, which are the latest exam pattern based Indian Polity pdf for RRB JE, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, etc. Indian Polity pdf it helps in improving your all-rounder performance in the exam.


Description of the book: In this book the Indian constitution has been shown in detail, the language of the book is simple and easy so that the citizens of India should not have any difficulty in understanding their constitution. The constitution of any country determines the basic framework of its political system under which its people are governed. It establishes major organs like the state legislature, executive and judiciary, interprets their powers, delimits their responsibilities and exchanges their mutual and public relations ………


Detailed Constitution amendment PDF



Indian constitution in hindi pdf


Indian Constitution:-


The first meeting of the Indian Constituent Assembly was held in December 1946 for which elections were held in July 1946. The constitution of India is considered to be the largest constitution. Which took 2 years 11 months 18 days to be made. But even today, the amendment has been done 104 times with the consent of the Supreme Court. The first constitutional amendment was made in 1967 by the Indian Supreme Court. The rest of the 126 constitutional amendments are being disputed. The Indian Constitution was passed in 26 November 1949. In which Indian democratic rules are made law. While it was implemented on 26 January 1950. Which is also celebrated as Republic Day.


Parts of the Amended Constitution of India:-


At present, the amended Indian Constitution is divided into 22 parts 395 Articles and 12 Schedules. Which are less frequent when the constitution is amended. Here I will tell you the names of Indian constitution parts 22. Due to the amendment of the constitution, this number has now been divided into 470 articles, 12 schedules and 25 parts.


Part 1Union and its territories(Article 1-4)
Part 2Citizenship(Article 5-11)
Part 3Fundamental Rights(Article 12 – 35)
Part 4State policy director elements [ Directive Principles of State Policy ](Article 36 – 51)
Part 4AOriginal duty [ Fundamental Duties ](Article 51A)
Part 5Union [The Union](Article 52-151)
Part 6States [The States](Article 152 -237)
Part 7Repealed by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956(Article 238)
Part 8Union Territories [The Union Territories](Article 239-242)
Part 9Panchayat [ The Panchayats ](Article 243- 243O)
Part 9AMunicipalities [The Municipalities](Article 243P – 243ZG)
Part 10Scheduled and Tribal Areas [ The Cooperative Societies ](Article 244 – 244A)
Part 11Relations between Union and States [ The scheduled and Tribal Areas ](Article 245 – 263)
Part 12Finance, Property, Contracts and Litigation [ Relations between the Union   and  the State](Article 264 -300A)
Part 13Trade, commerce and intercourse within the territory of India [ Finance, Property,   Contracts and Suits ](Article 301 – 307)
Part 14Services under Union and States [ Trade and Commerce within the  territory  of India ](Article 308 -323)
Part 14AServices Under the Union, the States(Article 323A – 323B)
Part 15Elections [ Tribunals ](Article 324 -329A)
Part 16Special provisions with respect to certain classes [ Elections ](Article 330- 342)
Part 17[Special Provisions Relating to certain Classes](Article 343- 351)
Part 18Emergency Provisions [ Languages ](Article 352 – 360)
Part 19Miscellaneous [ Emergency Provisions ](Article 361 -367)
Part 20Amendments to the Constitution(Article 368)
Part 21Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions [ Temporary, Transitional  and  Special Provisions](Article 369 – 392)
Part 22Short title, commencement, authorized text in Hindi and repeal [ Short title, date  of  commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi and Repeals](Article 393 – 395)


It is generally believed that the Constitution was written by Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar, but it is unfair to give full credit to any one person. But it was Ambedkar who played an important role in making the Constitution of India useful for the upliftment of all classes. Many important people had contributed to make it. Provisions have also been included in the constitution of many other countries. In view of this, we are getting all the students of the Indian Constitution PDF Download in Hindi , which is going to be very important in the upcoming examination.


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Indian constitution in hindi pdf

Indian Constitution Schedules:-


The Indian Constitution previously had 8 schedules. Which has increased to 25 due to the constitution amendment. We will provide you the information of the 12 schedules in the following table.








NoSchedules of Indian Constitution
1 Schedules List of states and union territories and their territories
2 SchedulesThe President, the Governors, the President of the States, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the President and the Deputy Speaker of the Council of States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Council of a State, the Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Court and the Controller of India And the Auditor General’s List of States and Union Territories and their territories.
3 SchedulesForm of oath.
4 SchedulesFourth Schedule – Provision of allocation of seats in the Council of States.
5 SchedulesProvision of administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.
6 SchedulesProvisions for administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
7 SchedulesUnion List, State List and Concurrent List.
8 SchedulesList of recognized languages.
9 SchedulesProvisions for verification of certain Acts and Regulations.
10 SchedulesProvision of disqualification on grounds of defection.
11 SchedulesPowers, rights and responsibilities of Panchayats.
12 SchedulesPowers, rights and responsibilities of municipalities.


Indian Polity notes of article and schedule pdf is a variety of topics related to Polity. Indian Constitution PDF includes the preamble of the Constitution, Union and its Territory, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, President Vice-president, Prime Minister, Com and Attorney General, Parliament, Supreme Court, Chief Minister and Com, State Legislature.


The task of framing the Indian Constitution was done by the Constituent Assembly , there were 8 major committees of this House including Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar , Chairman of the Drafting Committee . The President of the Constituent Assembly was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The Drafting Committee was formed on August 29, 1947 the Drafting Committee was the only one who made the draft of the new constitution of India, if you are preparing for a competitive exam or want to do it and then you must read it. You should, because many of these questions are asked in competitive exams, you can easily download this Indian Constitution book.


Download Indian constitution in hindi pdf


fundamental rights

Importance of Fundamental Rights


The Fundamental Rights are a part or section of the Constitution of India. This section empowers people. Fundamental rights are considered as fundamental rights of the people of India. These occur irrespective of religion, caste, gender or creed. In India, there are 6 fundamental rights, as the right to property was removed from the list of fundamental rights. It contains: –


  • Right to equality – Articles 14 to 18
  • Right to freedom – Articles 19 to 22
  • Right against Exploitation – Articles 23 to 24
  • Right to religion – Articles 25 to 28
  • Right to education and culture – Articles 25 to 28



Indian constitution in hindi pdf


All Articles of Indian Constitution


Let us now look at all articles of the Constitution of India and how they are treated.


1Union name and territory
2Entry or establishment of new states
3Creation of new states and changes

in areas, boundaries or names of

existing states

4Laws made under article 2 and

article 3 to provide for the 

amendment of the

First Schedule and Fourth Schedules

and supplementary,

and consequential matters.

5Citizenship at the commencement

of the constitution

6Rights of citizenship of some persons

migrating from Pakistan to India

7Rights of citizenship of certain

migrants to Pakistan

8Rights of citizenship of certain

persons of Indian origin residing

outside India

9Persons voluntarily acquiring

citizenship  of a foreign state

not to be citizens

10Maintaining citizenship rights
11Parliament to regulate the right

of citizenship by law

13Laws inconsistent with or in

derogation  of the

Fundamental Rights.

14Equality before law
15Prohibition of discrimination

on the basis of religion, race,

caste, sex or place of birth.

16Equality of opportunity in

public planning

17End of untouchability
18End of titles
19Protection of certain rights regarding

freedom of speech, etc.

20Protection in relation to convictions

for crimes

21Protection of life and personal freedom
22Protection from arrest and detention

in certain cases

23Prohibition of human and trafficking

and forced labor

24Prohibition of employment of children

in factories etc.

25Freedom of conscience and

free acceptance, conduct

and propagation of religion

26Freedom to manage religious affairs
27Freedom regarding payment of

taxes for the promotion

of a particular religion

28Freedom as to attendance at

religious education or religious

worship in total

educational institutions

29Protection of interests of minorities
30Right of minorities to establish and

administer educational institutions

31AExpansion of statutes providing for

acquisition of assets etc.

31BValidation of certain Acts

and Regulations

31CPractice of statutes giving effect to

certain directorship elements.

32Remedies for enforcing the rights

conferred by this Part

33Power of Parliament to modify

the rights conferred by this

Part in the application of forces etc.

34Restriction on the rights conferred by

this part when military law is in force

in any area

35Legislation for giving effect to the

provisions of this Part

37Application of the elements contained

in this section

38The state will make social

arrangements for the

promotion of public welfare.

39Some policy elements to be

followed by the state

39AEqual justice and free legal aid
40Organization of Gram Panchayats
41Right to work, education and public

assistance in certain cases

42Provision for just and humane

conditions of work and

maternity relief

43Subsistence wages etc. for workers
43AParticipation of workers in

management of industries

44Uniform Civil Code for Citizens
45Provision for free and compulsory

education for children

46Promotion of education and economic

interests of Scheduled Castes,

Scheduled Tribes and

other weaker sections

47Duty of the State to raise the

level of nutrition  and standard

of living and improve public health

48Organization of Agriculture and

Animal Husbandry

48AProtection and promotion of

environment  and protection

of forest and wildlife.

49Protection of monuments, places and

objects of national importance

50Separation of judiciary from executive
51Promotion of international peace

and security

51ABasic duties
52President of India
53Executive power of the union
54Election to the nation
55The manner of election of

the President

56The term of office of the President
57Eligibility for re-election
58Qualifications to be elected President
59Conditions for the post of President
60Oath or affirmation by the President
61Procedure for impeachment of

the President

62Time of holding election to

fill vacancy  in the office of

President and term of office

of person elected to fill

casual vacancy

63Vice President of India
64Vice-President to be the ex-officio

Chairman of Rajya Sabha

65The Vice-President to act as President

or to discharge his functions

during casual  vacancies in the

office of the President

or in his absence.

66Election of Vice President
67Term of office of the Vice President
68Time of holding election to fill

vacancy  in the post of

Vice-President and term

of office of person elected

to fill casual vacancy

69Oath or affirmation by

the Vice-President

70Discharge of functions of the President

in other contingencies

71Subject matter relating to or connected

with the election of the President or


72Power of the President of capacity

etc. and in some cases suspension,

remission or commutation of sentence

73Extension of executive power of

the Union

74Council of Ministers to aid and

advise the President

75Other provisions regarding ministers
76Attorney-General of India
77Conduct of business of

the Government of India

78Duties of the Prime Minister

in relation to giving information

to the President etc.

79Constitution of parliament
80Rajya Sabha Structure
81Structure of Lok Sabha
82Readjustment after each census
83Term of the houses of parliament
84Qualification for

Membership of Parliament

85Sessions of Parliament, prorogation

and dissolution

86Right of President to address and

send messages to Houses

87President’s special address
88Rights of Ministers and

Attorney General

about Houses

89Chairman and Deputy Chairman

of Rajya Sabha

90Vacation, resignation and removal

from  office of Deputy Chairman

91Power of the Deputy Chairman

or other person to perform the

duties of the office  of, or to

act as, Chairman.

92Not to preside when a resolution to

remove the Chairman or Deputy

Chairman is under consideration

93Lok Sabha and Speaker and

Deputy Speaker

94Vacation and resignation of, and

removal  from, the posts of President

and Deputy Speaker.

95Power of the Deputy Speaker

or other  person to perform

the duties of the office

of, or to act as, Speaker.

96Not to preside over a resolution

to remove  the Speaker or

Deputy Speaker from the post

97Salaries and allowances of

the Chairman and Deputy Chairman

and the President and Deputy Speaker.

98Secretariat of Parliament
99Oath or affirmation by members
100Voting in Houses, power of

Houses to act notwithstanding

vacancies and quorum

101Missing places
102Disqualification for membership
103Decisions on questions related to

disqualification of members

104Penalty for sitting and voting

before taking  oath or affirmation

under article 99 or when disqualified

105Powers, privileges etc. of

the Houses of Parliament and

their members and committees

106Members’ Salaries and Allowances
107Provisions regarding introduction

and passage of Bills

108In some cases, the joint sitting of

the two houses

109Special Procedure Regarding

Money Bills

110Definition of “Money Bill”
111Permission on bills
112Annual financial statement
113Procedure in Parliament with

respect to estimates

114Appropriation Bill
115Supplementary, additional or

excess grants

116Accounting Grants, Reputation


and Exception Grants

117Special provisions regarding

Finance Bills

118Rules of Procedure
119Regulation by law of procedure

in Parliament  in relation

to financial business

120Language used in Parliament
121Restriction on discussion in


122Courts not to examine the proceedings

of Parliament

123Power of President to promulgate

Ordinances during recess of


124Establishment and constitution of

Supreme Court.

125Judges salaries etc.
126Appointment of acting Chief Justice
127Appointment of ad hoc judges
128Attendance of retired judges

in Supreme

Court meetings

129Supreme Court to be Record Court
130Supreme court location
131Initial jurisdiction of Supreme Court
132Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in appeals from

High Courts in certain cases.

133Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in appeals

relating to civil matters in

High Courts.

134Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in

criminal matters.

134ACertificate for appeal in

Supreme Court

135Usurpation of powers and powers

of the  Federal Court under the

existing law by  the Supreme Court.

136Special permission of the

Supreme Court for appeal

137Review of judgments or

orders by the Supreme Court.

138Increase of jurisdiction of

Supreme Court

139Power of certain powers to

be conferred on

the Supreme Court.

139ATransfer of certain cases
140Ancillary powers of Supreme Court
141The law declared by the

Supreme Court to

be binding on all courts

142Order regarding enforcement and

disclosure  of decrees and orders

of Supreme Court, etc.

143Power of President to consult

Supreme Court.

144Supreme court by civil and

judicial authorities

145Court rules etc.
146Supreme Court Officers and

Servants and Expenditure

148Comptroller of India –

Auditor General

149Duties and powers of

the Comptroller and 

Auditor General

150Format of accounts of

the Union and of the States

151Audit report
153Governors of states
154Executive power of the state
155Appointment of Governor
156Term of office of the State
157Conditions for the post of Governor
158Conditions for the post of Governor
159Oath or affirmation by the Governor
160Discharge of the functions of

the Governor  in certain


161Power of Governor to grant pardon

etc. and in some cases

suspension, remission or

commutation of sentence

162Extension of executive power

of the state

163Council of Ministers to aid and

advise the Governor

164Other provisions regarding ministers
165Advocate General of the state
166Conduct of business of

the State Government

167Duties of Chief Minister

in relation to giving

information to Governor, etc.

168Constitution of States Legislatures
169Promotion or creation of

Legislative Councils in States

170Structure of Legislative Assemblies
171Structure of Legislative Councils
172Period of Legislatures of States
173Qualification for membership

of the State Legislature

174Sessions, prorogues and dissolution

of State Legislatures

175Right of Governor to address and send

messages to the House and Houses

176Governor’s special address
177Rights of Ministers and


regarding Houses

178Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the

Legislative Assembly

179Vacation and resignation of,

and removal from, the  posts

of President and Deputy Speaker.

180Power of the Deputy Speaker

or other person to perform the

duties of the office of,

or to act as, Speaker.

181Not to preside over a resolution

to remove the Speaker or

Deputy Speaker from the post

182The Chairman and Deputy

Chairman of the

Legislative Council

183Vacation, resignation and removal

from office of  Chairman

and Deputy Chairman

184Power of the Deputy Chairman

or other person to  perform the

duties of the office of,

or to act as, Chairman.

185Not to preside when a

resolution to remove the

Chairman or Deputy Chairman

is under consideration

186Salaries and allowances of

the Speaker and Deputy Speaker

and the Chairman and

Deputy Chairman.

187Secretariat of the State Legislature
188Oath or affirmation by members
189Voting in Houses, power of

Houses to  act notwithstanding

vacancies and quorum

190Missing places
191Disqualification for membership
192Decisions on questions related to

disqualification of members

193Penalty for sitting and voting

before taking  oath or pledge

under article 188 or when

not qualified or disqualified

194Powers, privileges etc. of

the Houses of  Legislatures

and of Members and Committees

195Members’ Salaries and Allowances
196Provisions regarding introduction and

passage of Bills

197Restrictions on the powers

of the Legislative Council

regarding Bills other than Money Bills

198Special Procedure Regarding

Money Bills

199Definition of “Money Bill”
200Permission on bills
201Bill reserved for consideration
202Annual financial statement
203Procedure in relation to

estimates in the Legislature

204Appropriation Bill
205Supplementary, additional or

excess grants

206Accounting Grants, Reputation

Grants and Exception Grants

207Special provisions regarding

Finance Bills

208Rules of Procedure
209Regulation by law of procedure in the

Legislature of the State in relation to

financial work

210Language used in the Legislature
211Restriction on discussion in

the Legislature

212Courts not to investigate

proceedings of Legislature

213Power of Governor to promulgate

Ordinances  during recess

of Legislature

214High court for states
215Record court of high court
216Constitution of high courts
217Appointment and conditions

of office of  High Court Judge

218Application of certain provisions

relating to Supreme Court to

High Courts.

219Oath or affirmation by judges

of High Courts

220Restrictions on practice of law after

being a permanent judge

221Judges salaries etc.
222Transfer of a judge from one

High Court  to another

High Court.

223Appointment of acting Chief Justice
224Appointment of Additional and

Executive Judges

224AAppointment of retired judges in

High Court meetings

225Jurisdiction of existing High Courts
226Power of High Court to remove

certain writ

227High court power to superintend

all courts

228Transfer of certain cases to

the High Court

229Officers and servants of higher

courts and expenditure

230Extension of jurisdiction of

High Courts to Union territories

231Establishment of a single

High Court for two or

more states.

233Appointment of District Judges
233AValidation of appointments of

some District Judges  and

decisions made by them, etc.

234Recruitment of persons other

than district judges

to the judicial service

235Control over subordinate courts
237Application of the provisions

of this chapter  to certain class

or classes of magistrates

239Administration of Union Territories
239ACreation of local Legislatures or

Council of Ministers  or both

for certain Union territories.

239AASpecial provision with respect to Delhi
239ABProvision in case of failure of

constitutional machinery

239BPower of Administrator to

promulgate Ordinances

during recess of Legislature

240Power of President to make

regulations for

certain Union territories.

241High Court for the Union Territories
243AGram Sabha
243BFormation of Panchayats
243CComposition of Panchayats
243DReservation of seats
243EPeriod of Panchayats, etc.
243FDisqualification for membership
243GPowers, authority and responsibilities

of Panchayats

243HPowers to impose taxes by

Panchayats and their funds

243-IConstitution of Finance Commission

to review the financial situation

243JAudit of accounts of Panchayats
243KElections for Panchayats
243LApplication to Union Territories
243MThis section is not applicable

to certain areas

243NContinuation of existing laws

and Panchayats

243-OBar to interference by courts in

electoral matters

243QConstitution of municipalities
243RComposition of Municipalities
243SFormation and composition of ward

committees, etc.

243TReservation of seats
243UDuration of municipalities, etc.
243VDisqualification for membership
243WPowers, authority and responsibilities

of municipalities, etc.

243XPower to impose taxes by the

municipalities and their funds

243YFinance Commission
243ZAudit of accounts of municipalities
243ZAElection for municipalities
243ZBApplication to Union Territories
243ZCThis part is not applicable to

certain areas

243ZDCommittee for District Planning
243ZECommittee for Metropolitan Planning
243ZFExisting statutes and continuance

of municipalities

243ZGBar to interference by courts in

electoral matters

243Z-IIncorporation of co-operative societies
243ZJNumber and term of members of

board and its office bearers

243ZKElection of members of board
243ZLSupersession and suspension

of board and interim management

243ZMAudit of accounts of co-operative


243ZNConvening of general body meetings
243Z-ORight of a member to get information
243ZQOffences and penalties
243ZRApplication to multi-State co-operative


243ZSApplication to Union territories
243ZTContinuance of existing laws
244Administration of Scheduled Areas

and Tribal Areas.

244ACreating an autonomous state

incorporating certain tribal areas

of Assam and creating a local

Legislature or Council of Ministers or

both for the same.

245Extension of laws made by

Parliament by  the Legislatures

of States.

246Subject-matter of laws made

by Parliament and by

State Legislatures.

247Power of Parliament to provide

for the establishment of certain

additional courts.

248Residuary legislative powers.
249Power of Parliament to legislate

with respect to  the subject in

the State List in the national interest.

250Legislation with respect to the subject

in the  State List if the Proclamation

of Emergency  is in operation.

251Inconsistency between laws made

by Parliament  under Articles 249

and Articles 250 and laws made

by the Legislatures of States.

252Power of Parliament to legislate for

two or more  states with their consent

and adoption of such law

by any other state.

253Legislation for giving effect to

international agreements.

254Inconsistency between laws made

by Parliament  and laws made by

the Legislatures of States.

255Consideration of recommendations

and expectations about prior approval

is only a matter of procedure.

256Obligation of the Union towards

the States.

257Union control over states in

some cases.

258In some cases, the power of

the Union to provide power

to the states, etc.

258APower of States to delegate work

to the Union.

260Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to

territories outside India.

261Public works, records and

judicial proceedings.

262Adjudication of water disputes

in interstate rivers or river valleys.

263Provisions in relation to

the Inter-State Council.

264Taxes not to be imposed without

the authority of law.

265Taxes not to be imposed without

the authority of law.

266Consolidated Funds and

Public Accounts of India

and States.

267Contingency fund.
268Duties levied by the Union but

collected and appropriated by

the States.

269Taxes levied and collected by

the Union but assigned to the States.

270Taxes levied and their distribution

between the Union and the States.

271Surcharge on certain duties

and taxes for union purposes.

273Grants on jute and in place of

export duty of jute products.

274Expectation of the President’s

prior recommendation for Bills

affecting taxation in which

the State is interested.

275Union grants to some states.
276Taxes on annuities, trades, livelihoods

and employment.

279Calculation of “pure proceeds”, etc.
280Finance Commission.
281Recommendations of the

Finance Commission.

282Expenditure incurred by

the Union or State for its revenue.

283Custody, etc. of accumulated funds,

contingency funds and deposits

in public accounts.

284Custody of depositors’ deposits

and other sums received by public

servants and courts.

285Exemption of union and property from

state taxation.

286Restrictions regarding imposition

of tax on the purchase or sale of goods.

287Exemption from taxes on electricity.
288Exemption from taxation by

states in respect of water or

electricity in certain cases.

289Exemption of property and income

of States from Union and taxation.

290Adjustment in respect of certain

expenses and pensions.

290AAnnual payment of certain

Devaswom funds.

292Borrowing by the Government

of India.

293Borrowing by States
294Succession of property, assets,

rights, obligations and obligations

in certain cases.

295Succession to property, assets,

rights, obligations and obligations

in other cases.

296Property accrued by coronation

or lapse or non-ownership.

297Valuation of valuable things

and exclusive economic zones

located in the State Territorial

Sea Division or Continental

Magant Land, vested in the Union.

298Power to do business etc.
300Suit and proceedings
300APersons not to be deprived of property

without authority of law.

301Freedom of trade, commerce

and intercourse.

302Power of Parliament to impose

restrictions on trade,

commerce and intercourse.

303Restrictions on the legislative

powers of the Union and the

States in relation to trade and


304Restrictions on trade, commerce and

intercourse between states.

305The prevalence of existing laws

and the laws that provide for

the monopoly of the state.

307Appointment of authority to carry out

the purposes of Articles 301 to 304.

309Recruitment and conditions of

service of persons serving

the Union or a State.

310Term of office of persons serving the

Union or a State.

311Dismissal or demotion of persons

employed in civil status under

the Union or a State.

312All India Services.
312APower of Parliament to change

or revoke conditions of service

of officers of certain services.

313Transition carpet provision
315Public Service Commission for the

Union and the States.

316Appointment and term of members.
317Removal and suspension of a member

of the Public Service Commission.

318Power to make regulations regarding

the conditions of service of members

and staff of the Commission.

319Prohibition in respect of holding office

by members of the Commission if they

are not such members.

320Functions of Public Service


321Power to extend the functions of

Public Service Commissions.

322Expenditure of Public Service


323Public Service Commission’s Report.
323AAdministrative tribunal
323BTribunal for other matters.
324Superintendence, direction and

control of elections vested in

the Election Commission.

325Not being ineligible to be included

in an electoral roll on the basis

of religion, descent, caste or sex

and not claiming to be included

in a particular electoral roll.

326Elections for Lok Sabha and State

Legislative Assemblies to be on the

basis of adult suffrage.

327Power of Parliament to make

provision with respect to

elections to the Legislature.

328Power of that Legislature to make

provision in relation to elections for

the Legislature of a State.

329Bar to interference by courts in

electoral matters.

330Reservation of seats for Scheduled

Castes and Scheduled Tribes

in the Lok Sabha.

331Representation of the Anglo-Indian

community in the Lok Sabha.

332Reservation of seats for Scheduled

Castes and Scheduled Tribes

in the State Legislative Assemblies.

333Representation of the Anglo-Indian

community in the Legislative

Assemblies of the States.

334Reservation of seats and special

representation to cease after

sixty years.

335Claims of Scheduled Castes

and Scheduled Tribes for

services and posts.

336Special provision for Anglo-Indian

community in certain services.

337Special provision for educational

grant for the benefit of

Anglo-Indian community.

338National Commission for

Scheduled Castes.

338ANational Commission for

Scheduled Tribes.

338BNational Commission for

Backward Classes

339Control of the Union regarding

the administration of Scheduled

Areas and the welfare of

Scheduled Tribes.

340Appointment of the Commission

to investigate the conditions

of backward classes.

341Scheduled Castes
342Scheduled Tribes.
342ASocially and educationally

backward classes

343Official language of the Union.
344Commission and Committee

of Parliament in relation to

the official language.

345Official language or

official languages ​​of the state.

346The official language of

communication between one

State and another or between

a State and the Union.

347The official language of

communication between one

State and another or between

a State and the Union.

348Language used in Supreme Court

and High Courts and for Acts, Bills etc.

349Special procedure for enacting certain

laws relating to language.

350Language used in representations for

the relief of grievances.

350AFacilities for education in

mother tongue at primary level.

350BSpecial Officer for Linguistic


351Directive for development of

Hindi language.

352Proclamation of Emergency
353Effect of Proclamation of Emergency.
354Implementation of provisions

relating to distribution of

revenue when proclamation

of emergency is in operation.

355Duty of the Union to protect

the State from external

aggression and internal


356Provisions in case of failure

of constitutional

machinery in States.

357Use of legislative powers under


made under Article 356.

358Suspension of the provisions

of article 19 during an emergency.

359Suspension of enforcement of

the rights conferred by Part 3

during an emergency.

360Provision regarding financial


361Protection of President and

Governors and Rajpramukhs.

361AProtection of publication of

proceedings of Parliament

and State Legislatures.

361BDisqualification for appointment

to a beneficial political post.

363Bar of interference by courts

in disputes arising out of

certain treaties, agreements etc.

363AThe abolition of recognition

given to the rulers of

the native states and the

end of the private purse.

364Special provisions regarding

major ports and airports.

365Effect of failure to comply

with or give effect to directives

given by the Union.

368Power of Parliament to amend

the Constitution

and procedure therefor.

369In this way, the temporary

power of Parliament to make

laws in relation to certain subjects

of the State List, as if they were

subjects of the Concurrent List.

370Temporary provisions with

respect to the State of

Jammu and Kashmir.

371Special provision with respect

to the states of Maharashtra

and Gujarat.

371ASpecial provision with respect

to the State of Nagaland.

371BSpecial provision with respect

to the State of Assam.

371CSpecial provision with respect

to the State of Manipur.

371DSpecial provision with respect to the

State of Andhra Pradesh.

371EEstablishment of Central University in

Andhra Pradesh.

371FSpecial provision with respect to the

State of Sikkim.

371GSpecial provision with respect to the

State of Mizoram.

371HSpecial provision with respect to the

State of Arunachal Pradesh.

371-ISpecial provision with respect to the

State of Goa.

371JSpecial provisions with respect to

the State of Karnataka

372Continuance in force of existing laws

and their adaptation

372APower of President to adapt laws.
373Power of the President to make

orders in certain cases in

relation to persons held

in preventive detention.

374Provisions as to the proceedings

pending before the judges of

the Federal Court and in

the Federal Court or before

the Council His Majesty.

375Subject to the provisions of

the constitution, the courts,

authorities and officers continue to act.

376Provisions as to judges of High Courts.
377Provisions regarding the Comptroller

and Auditor General of India.

378Provisions regarding public

service commissions.

378ASpecial provision regarding

the term of the Andhra

Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

392Power of President to remove


393Short title
394AAuthorized text in Hindi language.



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