Indian constitution in hindi pdf- Detailed Knowledge

 

Indian constitution in hindi pdf

 

In today’s article, we have brought for you Constitution of India in Hindi Pdf ie “Indian Constitution of India” which you can read online and will provide links to download all types of PDF related to the topic. Download the given below for PDF Download can Click on the Button. You will be able to download them by clicking on them. Which will help you in all the upcoming IAS, PCS, UPSC, UPPCS, MPPCS, BPCS, and other exams.

 

Indian Constitution is the largest constitution in the world. It is also called the world’s largest democratic book. The Indian Constitution varies from time to time. The history of the Constitution of India has been going on since the British. But after India officially became a Democratic country after independence, it was implemented in the whole country from 26 January 1950. The Indian Constitution at that time had 8 schedules and 395 Articles, which was divided into 22 parts. The total amendment to the Indian Constitution has been done 104 times till the year 2020. Due to which there are now 470 articles, and 12 schedules which will be divided into 25 parts. Amendment list (Bhartiya Samvidhan Sansodhan List) to remain until the end of our article to get the full information.

 

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world, its creator is Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. For the students who are preparing for the Civil Services Examination and other examinations, they have brought the book “Constitution of India”. Which is very useful to prepare for your UPSC Pre + Mains exam. Which is especially for those students, who are preparing for the Union People Service Commission and Civil Services Examination. Which you can download by clicking on the Download Button given below.

 

Download Indian constitution in hindi pdf

 

It is the duty of a citizen of any country to know and understand its constitution properly. Do read it and know your rights as a citizen of India properly.

 

This post is dedicated to Indian Polity Notes Of article and schedule, which are the latest exam pattern based Indian Polity pdf for RRB JE, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, etc. Indian Polity pdf it helps in improving your all-rounder performance in the exam.

 

Description of the book: In this book the Indian constitution has been shown in detail, the language of the book is simple and easy so that the citizens of India should not have any difficulty in understanding their constitution. The constitution of any country determines the basic framework of its political system under which its people are governed. It establishes major organs like the state legislature, executive and judiciary, interprets their powers, delimits their responsibilities and exchanges their mutual and public relations ………

 

Detailed Constitution amendment PDF

 

 

Indian constitution in hindi pdf

 

Indian Constitution:-

 

The first meeting of the Indian Constituent Assembly was held in December 1946 for which elections were held in July 1946. The constitution of India is considered to be the largest constitution. Which took 2 years 11 months 18 days to be made. But even today, the amendment has been done 104 times with the consent of the Supreme Court. The first constitutional amendment was made in 1967 by the Indian Supreme Court. The rest of the 126 constitutional amendments are being disputed. The Indian Constitution was passed in 26 November 1949. In which Indian democratic rules are made law. While it was implemented on 26 January 1950. Which is also celebrated as Republic Day.

 

Parts of the Amended Constitution of India:-

 

At present, the amended Indian Constitution is divided into 22 parts 395 Articles and 12 Schedules. Which are less frequent when the constitution is amended. Here I will tell you the names of Indian constitution parts 22. Due to the amendment of the constitution, this number has now been divided into 470 articles, 12 schedules and 25 parts.

 

Section Topic Article
Part 1 Union and its territories (Article 1-4)
Part 2 Citizenship (Article 5-11)
Part 3 Fundamental Rights (Article 12 – 35)
Part 4 State policy director elements [ Directive Principles of State Policy ] (Article 36 – 51)
Part 4A Original duty [ Fundamental Duties ] (Article 51A)
Part 5 Union [The Union] (Article 52-151)
Part 6 States [The States] (Article 152 -237)
Part 7 Repealed by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956 (Article 238)
Part 8 Union Territories [The Union Territories] (Article 239-242)
Part 9 Panchayat [ The Panchayats ] (Article 243- 243O)
Part 9A Municipalities [The Municipalities] (Article 243P – 243ZG)
Part 10 Scheduled and Tribal Areas [ The Cooperative Societies ] (Article 244 – 244A)
Part 11 Relations between Union and States [ The scheduled and Tribal Areas ] (Article 245 – 263)
Part 12 Finance, Property, Contracts and Litigation [ Relations between the Union   and  the State] (Article 264 -300A)
Part 13 Trade, commerce and intercourse within the territory of India [ Finance, Property,   Contracts and Suits ] (Article 301 – 307)
Part 14 Services under Union and States [ Trade and Commerce within the  territory  of India ] (Article 308 -323)
Part 14A Services Under the Union, the States (Article 323A – 323B)
Part 15 Elections [ Tribunals ] (Article 324 -329A)
Part 16 Special provisions with respect to certain classes [ Elections ] (Article 330- 342)
Part 17 [Special Provisions Relating to certain Classes] (Article 343- 351)
Part 18 Emergency Provisions [ Languages ] (Article 352 – 360)
Part 19 Miscellaneous [ Emergency Provisions ] (Article 361 -367)
Part 20 Amendments to the Constitution (Article 368)
Part 21 Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions [ Temporary, Transitional  and  Special Provisions] (Article 369 – 392)
Part 22 Short title, commencement, authorized text in Hindi and repeal [ Short title, date  of  commencement, Authoritative text in Hindi and Repeals] (Article 393 – 395)

 

It is generally believed that the Constitution was written by Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar, but it is unfair to give full credit to any one person. But it was Ambedkar who played an important role in making the Constitution of India useful for the upliftment of all classes. Many important people had contributed to make it. Provisions have also been included in the constitution of many other countries. In view of this, we are getting all the students of the Indian Constitution PDF Download in Hindi , which is going to be very important in the upcoming examination.

 

Some other helpful articles:-

 

 

 

Indian constitution in hindi pdf

Indian Constitution Schedules:-

 

The Indian Constitution previously had 8 schedules. Which has increased to 25 due to the constitution amendment. We will provide you the information of the 12 schedules in the following table.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No Schedules of Indian Constitution
1 Schedules  List of states and union territories and their territories
2 Schedules The President, the Governors, the President of the States, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the President and the Deputy Speaker of the Council of States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Council of a State, the Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Court and the Controller of India And the Auditor General’s List of States and Union Territories and their territories.
3 Schedules Form of oath.
4 Schedules Fourth Schedule – Provision of allocation of seats in the Council of States.
5 Schedules Provision of administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.
6 Schedules Provisions for administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
7 Schedules Union List, State List and Concurrent List.
8 Schedules List of recognized languages.
9 Schedules Provisions for verification of certain Acts and Regulations.
10 Schedules Provision of disqualification on grounds of defection.
11 Schedules Powers, rights and responsibilities of Panchayats.
12 Schedules Powers, rights and responsibilities of municipalities.

 

Indian Polity notes of article and schedule pdf is a variety of topics related to Polity. Indian Constitution PDF includes the preamble of the Constitution, Union and its Territory, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties, President Vice-president, Prime Minister, Com and Attorney General, Parliament, Supreme Court, Chief Minister and Com, State Legislature.

 

The task of framing the Indian Constitution was done by the Constituent Assembly , there were 8 major committees of this House including Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar , Chairman of the Drafting Committee . The President of the Constituent Assembly was Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The Drafting Committee was formed on August 29, 1947 the Drafting Committee was the only one who made the draft of the new constitution of India, if you are preparing for a competitive exam or want to do it and then you must read it. You should, because many of these questions are asked in competitive exams, you can easily download this Indian Constitution book.

 

Download Indian constitution in hindi pdf

 

fundamental rights

Importance of Fundamental Rights

 

The Fundamental Rights are a part or section of the Constitution of India. This section empowers people. Fundamental rights are considered as fundamental rights of the people of India. These occur irrespective of religion, caste, gender or creed. In India, there are 6 fundamental rights, as the right to property was removed from the list of fundamental rights. It contains: –

 

  • Right to equality – Articles 14 to 18
  • Right to freedom – Articles 19 to 22
  • Right against Exploitation – Articles 23 to 24
  • Right to religion – Articles 25 to 28
  • Right to education and culture – Articles 25 to 28

 

 

Indian constitution in hindi pdf

 

All Articles of Indian Constitution

 

Let us now look at all articles of the Constitution of India and how they are treated.

 

Article Description
1 Union name and territory
2 Entry or establishment of new states
2A [Repeal]
3 Creation of new states and changes

in areas, boundaries or names of

existing states

4 Laws made under article 2 and

article 3 to provide for the 

amendment of the

First Schedule and Fourth Schedules

and supplementary,

and consequential matters.

5 Citizenship at the commencement

of the constitution

6 Rights of citizenship of some persons

migrating from Pakistan to India

7 Rights of citizenship of certain

migrants to Pakistan

8 Rights of citizenship of certain

persons of Indian origin residing

outside India

9 Persons voluntarily acquiring

citizenship  of a foreign state

not to be citizens

10 Maintaining citizenship rights
11 Parliament to regulate the right

of citizenship by law

12 Definition
13 Laws inconsistent with or in

derogation  of the

Fundamental Rights.

14 Equality before law
15 Prohibition of discrimination

on the basis of religion, race,

caste, sex or place of birth.

16 Equality of opportunity in

public planning

17 End of untouchability
18 End of titles
19 Protection of certain rights regarding

freedom of speech, etc.

20 Protection in relation to convictions

for crimes

21 Protection of life and personal freedom
22 Protection from arrest and detention

in certain cases

23 Prohibition of human and trafficking

and forced labor

24 Prohibition of employment of children

in factories etc.

25 Freedom of conscience and

free acceptance, conduct

and propagation of religion

26 Freedom to manage religious affairs
27 Freedom regarding payment of

taxes for the promotion

of a particular religion

28 Freedom as to attendance at

religious education or religious

worship in total

educational institutions

29 Protection of interests of minorities
30 Right of minorities to establish and

administer educational institutions

31 [Repeal]
31A Expansion of statutes providing for

acquisition of assets etc.

31B Validation of certain Acts

and Regulations

31C Practice of statutes giving effect to

certain directorship elements.

31D [Repeal]
32 Remedies for enforcing the rights

conferred by this Part

32A [Repeal]
33 Power of Parliament to modify

the rights conferred by this

Part in the application of forces etc.

34 Restriction on the rights conferred by

this part when military law is in force

in any area

35 Legislation for giving effect to the

provisions of this Part

36 Definition
37 Application of the elements contained

in this section

38 The state will make social

arrangements for the

promotion of public welfare.

39 Some policy elements to be

followed by the state

39A Equal justice and free legal aid
40 Organization of Gram Panchayats
41 Right to work, education and public

assistance in certain cases

42 Provision for just and humane

conditions of work and

maternity relief

43 Subsistence wages etc. for workers
43A Participation of workers in

management of industries

44 Uniform Civil Code for Citizens
45 Provision for free and compulsory

education for children

46 Promotion of education and economic

interests of Scheduled Castes,

Scheduled Tribes and

other weaker sections

47 Duty of the State to raise the

level of nutrition  and standard

of living and improve public health

48 Organization of Agriculture and

Animal Husbandry

48A Protection and promotion of

environment  and protection

of forest and wildlife.

49 Protection of monuments, places and

objects of national importance

50 Separation of judiciary from executive
51 Promotion of international peace

and security

51A Basic duties
52 President of India
53 Executive power of the union
54 Election to the nation
55 The manner of election of

the President

56 The term of office of the President
57 Eligibility for re-election
58 Qualifications to be elected President
59 Conditions for the post of President
60 Oath or affirmation by the President
61 Procedure for impeachment of

the President

62 Time of holding election to

fill vacancy  in the office of

President and term of office

of person elected to fill

casual vacancy

63 Vice President of India
64 Vice-President to be the ex-officio

Chairman of Rajya Sabha

65 The Vice-President to act as President

or to discharge his functions

during casual  vacancies in the

office of the President

or in his absence.

66 Election of Vice President
67 Term of office of the Vice President
68 Time of holding election to fill

vacancy  in the post of

Vice-President and term

of office of person elected

to fill casual vacancy

69 Oath or affirmation by

the Vice-President

70 Discharge of functions of the President

in other contingencies

71 Subject matter relating to or connected

with the election of the President or

Vice-President.

72 Power of the President of capacity

etc. and in some cases suspension,

remission or commutation of sentence

73 Extension of executive power of

the Union

74 Council of Ministers to aid and

advise the President

75 Other provisions regarding ministers
76 Attorney-General of India
77 Conduct of business of

the Government of India

78 Duties of the Prime Minister

in relation to giving information

to the President etc.

79 Constitution of parliament
80 Rajya Sabha Structure
81 Structure of Lok Sabha
82 Readjustment after each census
83 Term of the houses of parliament
84 Qualification for

Membership of Parliament

85 Sessions of Parliament, prorogation

and dissolution

86 Right of President to address and

send messages to Houses

87 President’s special address
88 Rights of Ministers and

Attorney General

about Houses

89 Chairman and Deputy Chairman

of Rajya Sabha

90 Vacation, resignation and removal

from  office of Deputy Chairman

91 Power of the Deputy Chairman

or other person to perform the

duties of the office  of, or to

act as, Chairman.

92 Not to preside when a resolution to

remove the Chairman or Deputy

Chairman is under consideration

93 Lok Sabha and Speaker and

Deputy Speaker

94 Vacation and resignation of, and

removal  from, the posts of President

and Deputy Speaker.

95 Power of the Deputy Speaker

or other  person to perform

the duties of the office

of, or to act as, Speaker.

96 Not to preside over a resolution

to remove  the Speaker or

Deputy Speaker from the post

97 Salaries and allowances of

the Chairman and Deputy Chairman

and the President and Deputy Speaker.

98 Secretariat of Parliament
99 Oath or affirmation by members
100 Voting in Houses, power of

Houses to act notwithstanding

vacancies and quorum

101 Missing places
102 Disqualification for membership
103 Decisions on questions related to

disqualification of members

104 Penalty for sitting and voting

before taking  oath or affirmation

under article 99 or when disqualified

105 Powers, privileges etc. of

the Houses of Parliament and

their members and committees

106 Members’ Salaries and Allowances
107 Provisions regarding introduction

and passage of Bills

108 In some cases, the joint sitting of

the two houses

109 Special Procedure Regarding

Money Bills

110 Definition of “Money Bill”
111 Permission on bills
112 Annual financial statement
113 Procedure in Parliament with

respect to estimates

114 Appropriation Bill
115 Supplementary, additional or

excess grants

116 Accounting Grants, Reputation

Grants

and Exception Grants

117 Special provisions regarding

Finance Bills

118 Rules of Procedure
119 Regulation by law of procedure

in Parliament  in relation

to financial business

120 Language used in Parliament
121 Restriction on discussion in

Parliament

122 Courts not to examine the proceedings

of Parliament

123 Power of President to promulgate

Ordinances during recess of

Parliament.

124 Establishment and constitution of

Supreme Court.

125 Judges salaries etc.
126 Appointment of acting Chief Justice
127 Appointment of ad hoc judges
128 Attendance of retired judges

in Supreme

Court meetings

129 Supreme Court to be Record Court
130 Supreme court location
131 Initial jurisdiction of Supreme Court
131A [Repeal]
132 Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in appeals from

High Courts in certain cases.

133 Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in appeals

relating to civil matters in

High Courts.

134 Appellate jurisdiction of

Supreme Court in

criminal matters.

134A Certificate for appeal in

Supreme Court

135 Usurpation of powers and powers

of the  Federal Court under the

existing law by  the Supreme Court.

136 Special permission of the

Supreme Court for appeal

137 Review of judgments or

orders by the Supreme Court.

138 Increase of jurisdiction of

Supreme Court

139 Power of certain powers to

be conferred on

the Supreme Court.

139A Transfer of certain cases
140 Ancillary powers of Supreme Court
141 The law declared by the

Supreme Court to

be binding on all courts

142 Order regarding enforcement and

disclosure  of decrees and orders

of Supreme Court, etc.

143 Power of President to consult

Supreme Court.

144 Supreme court by civil and

judicial authorities

144A [Repeal]
145 Court rules etc.
146 Supreme Court Officers and

Servants and Expenditure

147 Interpretation
148 Comptroller of India –

Auditor General

149 Duties and powers of

the Comptroller and 

Auditor General

150 Format of accounts of

the Union and of the States

151 Audit report
152 Definition
153 Governors of states
154 Executive power of the state
155 Appointment of Governor
156 Term of office of the State
157 Conditions for the post of Governor
158 Conditions for the post of Governor
159 Oath or affirmation by the Governor
160 Discharge of the functions of

the Governor  in certain

contingencies

161 Power of Governor to grant pardon

etc. and in some cases

suspension, remission or

commutation of sentence

162 Extension of executive power

of the state

163 Council of Ministers to aid and

advise the Governor

164 Other provisions regarding ministers
165 Advocate General of the state
166 Conduct of business of

the State Government

167 Duties of Chief Minister

in relation to giving

information to Governor, etc.

168 Constitution of States Legislatures
169 Promotion or creation of

Legislative Councils in States

170 Structure of Legislative Assemblies
171 Structure of Legislative Councils
172 Period of Legislatures of States
173 Qualification for membership

of the State Legislature

174 Sessions, prorogues and dissolution

of State Legislatures

175 Right of Governor to address and send

messages to the House and Houses

176 Governor’s special address
177 Rights of Ministers and

Advocate-General

regarding Houses

178 Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the

Legislative Assembly

179 Vacation and resignation of,

and removal from, the  posts

of President and Deputy Speaker.

180 Power of the Deputy Speaker

or other person to perform the

duties of the office of,

or to act as, Speaker.

181 Not to preside over a resolution

to remove the Speaker or

Deputy Speaker from the post

182 The Chairman and Deputy

Chairman of the

Legislative Council

183 Vacation, resignation and removal

from office of  Chairman

and Deputy Chairman

184 Power of the Deputy Chairman

or other person to  perform the

duties of the office of,

or to act as, Chairman.

185 Not to preside when a

resolution to remove the

Chairman or Deputy Chairman

is under consideration

186 Salaries and allowances of

the Speaker and Deputy Speaker

and the Chairman and

Deputy Chairman.

187 Secretariat of the State Legislature
188 Oath or affirmation by members
189 Voting in Houses, power of

Houses to  act notwithstanding

vacancies and quorum

190 Missing places
191 Disqualification for membership
192 Decisions on questions related to

disqualification of members

193 Penalty for sitting and voting

before taking  oath or pledge

under article 188 or when

not qualified or disqualified

194 Powers, privileges etc. of

the Houses of  Legislatures

and of Members and Committees

195 Members’ Salaries and Allowances
196 Provisions regarding introduction and

passage of Bills

197 Restrictions on the powers

of the Legislative Council

regarding Bills other than Money Bills

198 Special Procedure Regarding

Money Bills

199 Definition of “Money Bill”
200 Permission on bills
201 Bill reserved for consideration
202 Annual financial statement
203 Procedure in relation to

estimates in the Legislature

204 Appropriation Bill
205 Supplementary, additional or

excess grants

206 Accounting Grants, Reputation

Grants and Exception Grants

207 Special provisions regarding

Finance Bills

208 Rules of Procedure
209 Regulation by law of procedure in the

Legislature of the State in relation to

financial work

210 Language used in the Legislature
211 Restriction on discussion in

the Legislature

212 Courts not to investigate

proceedings of Legislature

213 Power of Governor to promulgate

Ordinances  during recess

of Legislature

214 High court for states
215 Record court of high court
216 Constitution of high courts
217 Appointment and conditions

of office of  High Court Judge

218 Application of certain provisions

relating to Supreme Court to

High Courts.

219 Oath or affirmation by judges

of High Courts

220 Restrictions on practice of law after

being a permanent judge

221 Judges salaries etc.
222 Transfer of a judge from one

High Court  to another

High Court.

223 Appointment of acting Chief Justice
224 Appointment of Additional and

Executive Judges

224A Appointment of retired judges in

High Court meetings

225 Jurisdiction of existing High Courts
226 Power of High Court to remove

certain writ

226A [Repeal]
227 High court power to superintend

all courts

228 Transfer of certain cases to

the High Court

228A [Repeal]
229 Officers and servants of higher

courts and expenditure

230 Extension of jurisdiction of

High Courts to Union territories

231 Establishment of a single

High Court for two or

more states.

233 Appointment of District Judges
233A Validation of appointments of

some District Judges  and

decisions made by them, etc.

234 Recruitment of persons other

than district judges

to the judicial service

235 Control over subordinate courts
236 Interpretation
237 Application of the provisions

of this chapter  to certain class

or classes of magistrates

238 [Repeal]
239 Administration of Union Territories
239A Creation of local Legislatures or

Council of Ministers  or both

for certain Union territories.

239AA Special provision with respect to Delhi
239AB Provision in case of failure of

constitutional machinery

239B Power of Administrator to

promulgate Ordinances

during recess of Legislature

240 Power of President to make

regulations for

certain Union territories.

241 High Court for the Union Territories
242 [Repeal]
243 Definitions
243A Gram Sabha
243B Formation of Panchayats
243C Composition of Panchayats
243D Reservation of seats
243E Period of Panchayats, etc.
243F Disqualification for membership
243G Powers, authority and responsibilities

of Panchayats

243H Powers to impose taxes by

Panchayats and their funds

243-I Constitution of Finance Commission

to review the financial situation

243J Audit of accounts of Panchayats
243K Elections for Panchayats
243L Application to Union Territories
243M This section is not applicable

to certain areas

243N Continuation of existing laws

and Panchayats

243-O Bar to interference by courts in

electoral matters

243P Definitions
243Q Constitution of municipalities
243R Composition of Municipalities
243S Formation and composition of ward

committees, etc.

243T Reservation of seats
243U Duration of municipalities, etc.
243V Disqualification for membership
243W Powers, authority and responsibilities

of municipalities, etc.

243X Power to impose taxes by the

municipalities and their funds

243Y Finance Commission
243Z Audit of accounts of municipalities
243ZA Election for municipalities
243ZB Application to Union Territories
243ZC This part is not applicable to

certain areas

243ZD Committee for District Planning
243ZE Committee for Metropolitan Planning
243ZF Existing statutes and continuance

of municipalities

243ZG Bar to interference by courts in

electoral matters

243ZH Definitions
243Z-I Incorporation of co-operative societies
243ZJ Number and term of members of

board and its office bearers

243ZK Election of members of board
243ZL Supersession and suspension

of board and interim management

243ZM Audit of accounts of co-operative

societies

243ZN Convening of general body meetings
243Z-O Right of a member to get information
243ZP Returns
243ZQ Offences and penalties
243ZR Application to multi-State co-operative

societies

243ZS Application to Union territories
243ZT Continuance of existing laws
244 Administration of Scheduled Areas

and Tribal Areas.

244A Creating an autonomous state

incorporating certain tribal areas

of Assam and creating a local

Legislature or Council of Ministers or

both for the same.

245 Extension of laws made by

Parliament by  the Legislatures

of States.

246 Subject-matter of laws made

by Parliament and by

State Legislatures.

247 Power of Parliament to provide

for the establishment of certain

additional courts.

248 Residuary legislative powers.
249 Power of Parliament to legislate

with respect to  the subject in

the State List in the national interest.

250 Legislation with respect to the subject

in the  State List if the Proclamation

of Emergency  is in operation.

251 Inconsistency between laws made

by Parliament  under Articles 249

and Articles 250 and laws made

by the Legislatures of States.

252 Power of Parliament to legislate for

two or more  states with their consent

and adoption of such law

by any other state.

253 Legislation for giving effect to

international agreements.

254 Inconsistency between laws made

by Parliament  and laws made by

the Legislatures of States.

255 Consideration of recommendations

and expectations about prior approval

is only a matter of procedure.

256 Obligation of the Union towards

the States.

257 Union control over states in

some cases.

257A [Repeal]
258 In some cases, the power of

the Union to provide power

to the states, etc.

258A Power of States to delegate work

to the Union.

259 [Repeal]
260 Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to

territories outside India.

261 Public works, records and

judicial proceedings.

262 Adjudication of water disputes

in interstate rivers or river valleys.

263 Provisions in relation to

the Inter-State Council.

264 Taxes not to be imposed without

the authority of law.

265 Taxes not to be imposed without

the authority of law.

266 Consolidated Funds and

Public Accounts of India

and States.

267 Contingency fund.
268 Duties levied by the Union but

collected and appropriated by

the States.

268A [Repeal]
269 Taxes levied and collected by

the Union but assigned to the States.

270 Taxes levied and their distribution

between the Union and the States.

271 Surcharge on certain duties

and taxes for union purposes.

272 [Repeal]
273 Grants on jute and in place of

export duty of jute products.

274 Expectation of the President’s

prior recommendation for Bills

affecting taxation in which

the State is interested.

275 Union grants to some states.
276 Taxes on annuities, trades, livelihoods

and employment.

277 Savings
278 [Repeal]
279 Calculation of “pure proceeds”, etc.
280 Finance Commission.
281 Recommendations of the

Finance Commission.

282 Expenditure incurred by

the Union or State for its revenue.

283 Custody, etc. of accumulated funds,

contingency funds and deposits

in public accounts.

284 Custody of depositors’ deposits

and other sums received by public

servants and courts.

285 Exemption of union and property from

state taxation.

286 Restrictions regarding imposition

of tax on the purchase or sale of goods.

287 Exemption from taxes on electricity.
288 Exemption from taxation by

states in respect of water or

electricity in certain cases.

289 Exemption of property and income

of States from Union and taxation.

290 Adjustment in respect of certain

expenses and pensions.

290A Annual payment of certain

Devaswom funds.

291 [Repeal]
292 Borrowing by the Government

of India.

293 Borrowing by States
294 Succession of property, assets,

rights, obligations and obligations

in certain cases.

295 Succession to property, assets,

rights, obligations and obligations

in other cases.

296 Property accrued by coronation

or lapse or non-ownership.

297 Valuation of valuable things

and exclusive economic zones

located in the State Territorial

Sea Division or Continental

Magant Land, vested in the Union.

298 Power to do business etc.
299 Contracts.
300 Suit and proceedings
300A Persons not to be deprived of property

without authority of law.

301 Freedom of trade, commerce

and intercourse.

302 Power of Parliament to impose

restrictions on trade,

commerce and intercourse.

303 Restrictions on the legislative

powers of the Union and the

States in relation to trade and

commerce.

304 Restrictions on trade, commerce and

intercourse between states.

305 The prevalence of existing laws

and the laws that provide for

the monopoly of the state.

306 [Repeal]
307 Appointment of authority to carry out

the purposes of Articles 301 to 304.

308 Interpretation.
309 Recruitment and conditions of

service of persons serving

the Union or a State.

310 Term of office of persons serving the

Union or a State.

311 Dismissal or demotion of persons

employed in civil status under

the Union or a State.

312 All India Services.
312A Power of Parliament to change

or revoke conditions of service

of officers of certain services.

313 Transition carpet provision
314 [Repeal]
315 Public Service Commission for the

Union and the States.

316 Appointment and term of members.
317 Removal and suspension of a member

of the Public Service Commission.

318 Power to make regulations regarding

the conditions of service of members

and staff of the Commission.

319 Prohibition in respect of holding office

by members of the Commission if they

are not such members.

320 Functions of Public Service

Commissions.

321 Power to extend the functions of

Public Service Commissions.

322 Expenditure of Public Service

Commissions.

323 Public Service Commission’s Report.
323A Administrative tribunal
323B Tribunal for other matters.
324 Superintendence, direction and

control of elections vested in

the Election Commission.

325 Not being ineligible to be included

in an electoral roll on the basis

of religion, descent, caste or sex

and not claiming to be included

in a particular electoral roll.

326 Elections for Lok Sabha and State

Legislative Assemblies to be on the

basis of adult suffrage.

327 Power of Parliament to make

provision with respect to

elections to the Legislature.

328 Power of that Legislature to make

provision in relation to elections for

the Legislature of a State.

329 Bar to interference by courts in

electoral matters.

329A [Repeal]
330 Reservation of seats for Scheduled

Castes and Scheduled Tribes

in the Lok Sabha.

331 Representation of the Anglo-Indian

community in the Lok Sabha.

332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled

Castes and Scheduled Tribes

in the State Legislative Assemblies.

333 Representation of the Anglo-Indian

community in the Legislative

Assemblies of the States.

334 Reservation of seats and special

representation to cease after

sixty years.

335 Claims of Scheduled Castes

and Scheduled Tribes for

services and posts.

336 Special provision for Anglo-Indian

community in certain services.

337 Special provision for educational

grant for the benefit of

Anglo-Indian community.

338 National Commission for

Scheduled Castes.

338A National Commission for

Scheduled Tribes.

338B National Commission for

Backward Classes

339 Control of the Union regarding

the administration of Scheduled

Areas and the welfare of

Scheduled Tribes.

340 Appointment of the Commission

to investigate the conditions

of backward classes.

341 Scheduled Castes
342 Scheduled Tribes.
342A Socially and educationally

backward classes

343 Official language of the Union.
344 Commission and Committee

of Parliament in relation to

the official language.

345 Official language or

official languages ​​of the state.

346 The official language of

communication between one

State and another or between

a State and the Union.

347 The official language of

communication between one

State and another or between

a State and the Union.

348 Language used in Supreme Court

and High Courts and for Acts, Bills etc.

349 Special procedure for enacting certain

laws relating to language.

350 Language used in representations for

the relief of grievances.

350A Facilities for education in

mother tongue at primary level.

350B Special Officer for Linguistic

Minorities.

351 Directive for development of

Hindi language.

352 Proclamation of Emergency
353 Effect of Proclamation of Emergency.
354 Implementation of provisions

relating to distribution of

revenue when proclamation

of emergency is in operation.

355 Duty of the Union to protect

the State from external

aggression and internal

disturbance.

356 Provisions in case of failure

of constitutional

machinery in States.

357 Use of legislative powers under

Proclamation

made under Article 356.

358 Suspension of the provisions

of article 19 during an emergency.

359 Suspension of enforcement of

the rights conferred by Part 3

during an emergency.

359A [Repeal]
360 Provision regarding financial

emergency.

361 Protection of President and

Governors and Rajpramukhs.

361A Protection of publication of

proceedings of Parliament

and State Legislatures.

361B Disqualification for appointment

to a beneficial political post.

362 [Repeal]
363 Bar of interference by courts

in disputes arising out of

certain treaties, agreements etc.

363A The abolition of recognition

given to the rulers of

the native states and the

end of the private purse.

364 Special provisions regarding

major ports and airports.

365 Effect of failure to comply

with or give effect to directives

given by the Union.

366 Definitions.
367 Interpretation.
368 Power of Parliament to amend

the Constitution

and procedure therefor.

369 In this way, the temporary

power of Parliament to make

laws in relation to certain subjects

of the State List, as if they were

subjects of the Concurrent List.

370 Temporary provisions with

respect to the State of

Jammu and Kashmir.

371 Special provision with respect

to the states of Maharashtra

and Gujarat.

371A Special provision with respect

to the State of Nagaland.

371B Special provision with respect

to the State of Assam.

371C Special provision with respect

to the State of Manipur.

371D Special provision with respect to the

State of Andhra Pradesh.

371E Establishment of Central University in

Andhra Pradesh.

371F Special provision with respect to the

State of Sikkim.

371G Special provision with respect to the

State of Mizoram.

371H Special provision with respect to the

State of Arunachal Pradesh.

371-I Special provision with respect to the

State of Goa.

371J Special provisions with respect to

the State of Karnataka

372 Continuance in force of existing laws

and their adaptation

372A Power of President to adapt laws.
373 Power of the President to make

orders in certain cases in

relation to persons held

in preventive detention.

374 Provisions as to the proceedings

pending before the judges of

the Federal Court and in

the Federal Court or before

the Council His Majesty.

375 Subject to the provisions of

the constitution, the courts,

authorities and officers continue to act.

376 Provisions as to judges of High Courts.
377 Provisions regarding the Comptroller

and Auditor General of India.

378 Provisions regarding public

service commissions.

378A Special provision regarding

the term of the Andhra

Pradesh Legislative Assembly.

379-391 [Repeal]
392 Power of President to remove

difficulties.

393 Short title
394 Commencement
394A Authorized text in Hindi language.
395 [Repeal]

 

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ):- 

 

Q. How many articles are there in Indian Constitution?

395 articles A distinctive document with many extraordinary features, the Constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign nation in the world. The original text of the Constitution contained 395 articles in 22 parts and Twelve schedules

Q. Who wrote the Indian Constitution?

Prem Behari Narain Raizada Prem Behari Narain Raizada (Saxena), the man who hand wrote the original Constitution of India.

Q. Who wrote article 370?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

Q. Where is original Constitution of India kept?

Central Library of the Parliament There are three original copies of the Constitution of India. All of these copies have been kept in the Central Library of the Parliament.

Q. Why Indian Constitution is the longest Constitution?

Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world which originally had 395 articles, divided into 22 parts and 8 schedules. At present, our Constitution contains 448 articles, with 12 schedules.

 

 

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